2000 to 2010 Timeline
OVC researchers Dr. K. Mathews, Dr. D. Holmberg, and Dr. C. Miller investigated and experimented with innovative kidney transplantation in dogs with naturally occurring end-stage renal disease (kidney failure). As a response to public awareness of kidney transplantation success in human patients, many pet owners are giving consideration to the same operation for their pets as an alternative to euthanasia during the end stages of renal disease.
Mathews, Holmberg, and Miller performed kidney transplants between non-identical in 2000. The surgeries were performed on fifteen dogs with naturally occurring end-stage renal disease. Although this research occurred in 2000, its roots lay in the 1980s. In 1988, the researchers devised two protocols to activate graft tolerance that assists in the prevention of organ rejection in dogs that have undergone clinical renal allografts (transplants). They focused on unrelated donor-recipient pairs because related donors are extremely difficult to find and purebred siblings are more likely to be affected by similar kidney defects. The researchers achieved a median survival time of eight months, with two dogs living for longer than five years after surgery.
Dr. James Archibald graduated from the OVC in 1949. He was a founder of the American College of Veterinary Surgery and was one of the first editors of the Canadian Veterinary Journal. Regarded as a pioneer in the field of veterinary surgery, he was named to several positions at the University throughout his career including the Head of the Division of Small Animal Medicine and Surgery, Chair of Clinical Studies, Director of Animal Care Services, Acting Associate Dean of Research, and was member of the University Board of Governors. In 2001, he was named the OVC Alumni Association's Distinguished Alumnus.
Archibald was well regarded in the field of veterinary surgery. He was an editor to two editions of the text Canine Surgery and served in many professional veterinary associations. He was a founder of the American College of Veterinary Surgery, and was one of the first editors of the Canadian Veterinary Journal. He received a number of professional awards such as the World Small Animal Veterinary Medical Association prize for scientific achievement and in 2001 was named to the Order of Ontario.
A new Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) facility opened at the OVC. The MRI is used in both clinical cases and applied research. It provides the best possible detail of soft tissue inside an animal's body and accommodates a wide range of animal patients including cats, dogs, pigs, sheep, and horses. The MRI can assist in the diagnosis of illnesses such as epilepsy, cancer, arthritis, and visual impairments.
Dr. Otto Radostits graduated from the OVC in 1959 and was an instructor at the College from 1951-1961 and an assistant professor from 1962-1964. In 1964, Radostits left the OVC to become one of the founding faculty members of the Western College of Veterinary Medicine at the University of Saskatchewan.
Radostits was a well-regarded authority in the fields of large animal medicine, livestock diseases, food safety, and animal welfare. He was a senior author or editor for a number of textbooks on disease and clinical examination and diagnosis. For his numerous contributions to the profession, Radostits was appointed a member of the Order of Canada in 2004.
Dr. Elizabeth Stone was named the 10th Dean of the OVC. Stone is the first woman to be named Dean of a veterinary college in Canada. A respected veterinary urologist and surgeon, she came to the Dean's position at a critical time for the OVC's future and has implemented a number of new initiatives as the OVC moves into the twenty-first century.
Stone has been the driving force behind the OVC Integrated Plan which has included the Institute for Comparative Cancer Investigation, the U of G Centre for Public Health and Zoonoses, and the Primary Healthcare Initiative which, in 2010, celebrated the opening of the Hill's Pet Nutrition Primary Healthcare Centre. Stone also has a strong interest in the relationship between veterinarians and the wider public. She has created a course that explores veterinary science and literature and is a co-founder of the Society for Veterinary Medicine and Literature.
The OVC became the first institution in the world to successfully adapt a treatment to horses that is commonly used for atrial fibrillation in humans. It involves threading two catheters from the horse's neck through the veins into the heart and positioning the electrodes in the right atrium and pulmonary artery. The catheters are fitted with electrodes that deliver a shock to correct heart rhythm. Recovery time is much quicker than with conventional methods and horses who receive the treatment may be doing light work within two days and resume regular training in a week.
The Centre for Public Health and Zoonoses (CPHAZ) was established at the OVC. There exists an urgent need for public health research that reflects the human-animal-environmental network, and for interdisciplinary research approaches that span from basic laboratory science to applied field studies that focus on diseases that pass from animals to humans. The CPHAZ aims to address these needs.
The CPHAZ's mandate is to provide focus and leadership to enhance the capacity of veterinary science and public health to solve problems and implement solutions that arise in diseases that involve the human-animal-environment interface. To do this, the CPHAZ encourages and promotes collaborative research within the OVC and beyond. Some CPHAZ areas of interest include companion and sporting animals, non-foodborne diseases in livestock, antimicrobial resistance, food safety, and public health policy.
Dr. Carlton Gyles graduated from the OVC in 1964 and spent nearly his entire career at the College. In 2006, Gyles was honoured with the OVC's Distinguished Alumnus Award and was also honoured with the Roche Diagnostics/CSM Award. Known for his dedication and leadership within the OVC, his research has focused generally on understanding how bacteria causes disease and especially on controlling the risk of contamination through food, water, and human contact with animals. He is most known for his research on E. coli.
The Institute for Comparative Cancer Investigation (ICCI) at the University of Guelph opened in 2007. It is dedicated to providing collaborative research to broaden its scope and deepen our understanding of cancer. The ICCI is the first of its kind in Canada.
In 2007, the Animal Cancer Centre was established as part of the ICCI. The Centre is currently undergoing a $20 million expansion that will improve its ability to care for pets with cancer while advancing clinical research and training future cancer specialists. The expansion will consist of additions to the faculty including a medical oncologist, surgical oncologist, radiation oncologist, internal medicine specialist, medical oncology resident, surgical oncology resident, radiation oncology resident, three interns, five residents, and an additional four veterinary students. Canine cancer patients are treated with surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy just like human cancer patients. Researchers can look forward to a future of comparative oncology.
The OVC opened a new large animal isolation unit. Large animals showing signs of infectious disease are immediately directed to and housed in the facility. Within the unit there are twelve separate stalls equipped with their own nursing stations, video monitoring, and diagnostic equipment. Interior and exterior doors are also a feature of each stall to improve efficiency and working conditions.
The Hill's Pet Nutrition Primary Healthcare Centre (PHC), as part of the OVC Health Sciences Centre, opened. PHC serves a number of roles, significantly the training of veterinary students in a clinic setting as well as providing services to the community of Guelph. PHC will change how DVM students will interact with clients. It will improve the preparation of OVC student veterinarians in communicating effectively with clients and the community, business partners, practitioners, and employees. PHC accommodates healthcare, education, effective communication between client and healthcare delivery team, quality nutrition and health promotion, illness treatment, and rehabilitation.
The OVC and University of Guelph opened the new Pathobiology/ Animal Health Laboratory. This facility embodies a step forward in the future goals for the OVC. The building was completed in 2010 and includes a lecture theatre that may accommodate up to one hundred, two seminar rooms, a teaching laboratory, offices, and state of the art laboratory facilities. The prevention and control of diseases, new and old, affecting both animals and humans, will be studied, experimented, and taught.